Alopecia Areata

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Alopecia Areata

What is Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss in small, round patches on the scalp, face, or other areas of the body. It occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, leading to hair loss. While the exact cause of alopecia areata is unknown, genetic factors, environmental triggers, and immune system abnormalities may contribute to its development.

Causes of Alopecia Areata:

  1. Autoimmune Response: The body’s immune system mistakenly targets hair follicles as foreign invaders, leading to inflammation and hair loss.


  1. Genetic Predisposition:Individuals with a family history of autoimmune conditions or alopecia areata may have an increased risk of developing the condition themselves.

Symptoms of Alopecia Areata:

  • Sudden onset of hair loss in small, round patches on the scalp or other areas of the body
  • The main symptom of alopecia areata is hair loss that happens in patches of several centimeters or less.
  • Alopecia areata  affects your scalp. However, hair loss may also occur in other areas of your body, such as your face, eyebrows, berad area, chest, arms, legs . You may lose hair in just a few places, while other people may lose it in more areas. Hair loss is quick for some and gradual for others.
  • Other symptoms of alopecia areata an itching or burning feeling in the affected are
  • Nail abnormalities such as pitting or ridges.

Alopecia Areata

Types of Alopecia Areata

The types of alopecia areata vary according to the extent of hair loss and other symptoms. They may also have different treatments and outlooks:

  • Patchy alopecia areata is the most common  type. It’s characterized by one or more coin-sized patches of hair loss on your scalp or body.
  • Alopecia totalis occurs when you have hair loss across your entire scalp.
  • Alopecia universalis occurs when you lose all hair on your body, including your scalp and face.
  • Diffuse alopecia areata results in sudden and unexpected thinning of hair all over your scalp, not just in one area or patch. It may look like female or male pattern hair loss. It’s also called 
  • Ophiasis alopecia causes a band of hair loss along the sides and lower back of your scalp.

Treatment Options for Alopecia Areata

  1. Corticosteroid Injections: Intralesional corticosteroid injections are commonly used to reduce inflammation and promote hair regrowth in affected areas.


  1. Topical Treatments: Topical corticosteroids, minoxidil (Rogaine), or anthralin may be applied directly to the scalp to stimulate hair regrowth and manage symptoms.


  1. Systemic Therapies: Oral corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, or biologic agents may be prescribed for more severe or widespread cases of alopecia areata.


  1. Light Therapy: Phototherapy treatments such as ultraviolet (UV) light therapy or excimer laser therapy may help stimulate hair regrowth in some individuals.

Alopecia Areata


Alopecia areata can have a significant impact on an individual’s physical appearance and emotional well-being. However, with early detection and appropriate treatment, many individuals with alopecia areata can experience hair regrowth and symptom relief. At AlloRoots Hair Restoration, we offer personalized treatment plans tailored to your unique needs and concerns.


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