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What is Dandruff

Dandruff is a prevalent scalp condition characterized by the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. It often presents as white or yellowish flakes that may appear on the scalp, hair, and shoulders. While dandruff is not usually harmful, it can be a source of embarrassment and discomfort for many individuals.

Causes of Dandruff:

  1. Malassezia: A fungus called Malassezia is often found on the scalp and plays a role in dandruff formation. It feeds on scalp oils and produces substances that irritate the scalp, leading to flaking.

  1. Hyperactive oil gland: Increase sebum (oil) production due to hyper-activity of oil gland facilitates over growth of fungus (Malassezia)

  2. Poor Hygiene:Infrequent washing or improper shampooing techniques can allow oil, dirt, and dead skin cells to accumulate on the scalp, contributing to dandruff formation.

Symptoms of Dandruff:

  1.  White or yellowish flakes on the scalp, hair, and shoulders

  2. Itching and irritation of the scalp

  3. Redness and inflammation of the scalp

  4. Oily or greasy scalp

  5. Hair loss or thinning (in severe cases)


Treatment Options for Dandruff:

  • Medicated Shampoos: Over-the-counter medicated shampoos containing ingredients such as zinc pyrithione, selenium sulfide, ketoconazole, or coal tar can help control dandruff and reduce flaking.


  • Antifungal Treatments: Antifungal agents target the underlying fungus responsible for dandruff, helping to alleviate symptoms and prevent recurrence.


  • Scalp Care Routine: Adopting a regular scalp care routine, including gentle cleansing and exfoliation, can help remove dead skin cells and reduce dandruff buildup.


  • Avoid hair oil application




Dandruff is a common scalp condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. While it may be a source of frustration, it is usually manageable with the right approach. By understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for dandruff, individuals can take proactive steps to maintain a healthy scalp and enjoy vibrant, flake-free hair.

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